Here we see how Field Marshal Oyama's soldiers carried on the war in the awful cold up in the hills of Manchuria. Muffled in their thick overcoats, with warm collars of white fur, these brave infantrymen are driving back a charge of the Russians across the plain of Sha-Ho and against the slopes of the hills. Their rifles rest on the high earth wall of the trench, frozen solid now and almost as impenetrable as stonework. Behind the trench they have made low shelters, supported by short posts, and roofed with timbers, earth and dried stalks of kowliang, the giant millet of Manchuria. They have used the kowliang stalks also as bedding, in their shelters and on the bottom of the trenches, to protect their feet from the intense cold, which has caused so much suffering to both armies. Great numbers of wounded perished before assistance could reach them, for an hour's exposure proved fatal in countless cases. The time now is about the last in February, when the preliminaries began of that long and terrible conflict, known as the Battle of Mukden, in which probably 750,000 men were engaged, the greatest opposed armies the world has ever seen since Xerxes and his vast host invaded Greece. An attack like the one we are watching on this dull, wintry day, was made successfully in October by the Russians under the gallant Colonel Putiloff. They stormed Lone Tree Hill, on the south side of the Sha-Ho, drove back the Japanese and captured fourteen guns, the first to fall into their hands in the campaign. The hill, which was of immense strategic importance, was renamed Putiloff Hill, and the leader of the charge was made a general on the field. Such successes for the Russians were rare, and doubtless these plucky soldiers were able to hold the ridge against the enemy.